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viernes, 6 de noviembre de 2015

NASA : Looking Back: International Space Station at the Start of Expedition 1 .- Mirando hacia atrás: la Estación Espacial Internacional en el inicio de la Expedición 1

Hola amigos: A VUELO DE UN QUINDE EL BLOG., El 2 de noviembre de 2000, la Expedición 1.cuya  tripulación, fue : - Comandante William M. (Bill) Pastor de la NASA y de ingeniero de vuelo Sergei Krikalev y el Soyuz Comandante Yuri Gidzenko de Roscosmos - llegó a la Estación Espacial Internacional, que marca el inicio de una ininterrumpida la presencia humana en el laboratorio orbital. Su cápsula Soyuz puso en contacto con el puerto de atraque de popa del módulo de servicio Zvezda de la Estación a las 3:21 PM CST, mientras que las dos naves volaban sobre la porción central de Kazajstán. A poco más de una hora más tarde a las 4:23 am, se abrió la escotilla que conduce a la vivienda del Zvezda, que significa el inicio de la ocupación humana del complejo internacional. Gidzenko y Krikalev flotaban en Zvezda primero, a petición del comandante. Una vez dentro de la estación, los miembros de la tripulación continuaron la labor iniciada por las tripulaciones del transbordador espacial y los controladores de tierra para que la estación a la vida.
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International Space Station in December 2000 with modules and solar arrays visible
On Nov. 2, 2000, the Expedition 1 crew -- Commander William M. (Bill) Shepherd of NASA and Flight Engineer Sergei Krikalev and Soyuz Commander Yuri Gidzenko of Roscosmos -- arrived at the International Space Station, marking the start of an uninterrupted human presence on the orbiting laboratory. Their Soyuz capsule made contact with the aft docking port of the station's Zvezda Service Module at 3:21 a.m. CST while the two spacecraft were flying over the central portion of Kazakhstan. A little over one hour later at 4:23 a.m., the hatch leading into the Zvezda’s living quarters was opened, signifying the start of human occupancy of the international complex. Gidzenko and Krikalev floated into Zvezda first, at the request of the commander. Once inside the station, the crew members continued the work begun by space shuttle crews and ground controllers to bring the station to life.
Fifteen years later, 45 crewed expeditions (so far) -- more than 220 people from 17 countries -- have visited the station, constructed over more than 115 space flights conducted on five different types of launch vehicles. The station now measures 357 feet end-to-end and provides more livable room than a conventional six bedroom house. 22 scientific investigations were conducted during Expedition 1, while a total of 191 scientific investigations will be conducted during Expeditions 45 and 46. To date, more than 1,200 scientific results publications have been produced based on over 1,760 research investigations on the orbiting laboratory.
This Dec. 2, 2000, photograph shows the configuration of the space station at the start of Expedition 1 including the Zarya Control Module, Unity Node, Zvezda Service Module and Z1-Truss. It was taken by STS-97 crewmembers aboard shuttle Endeavour during approach to dock with the station on a mission to deliver and connect the first set of U.S.-provided solar arrays, prepare a docking port for arrival of the U.S. Laboratory Destiny and perform additional station assembly tasks. The Expedition 1 crew spent four months living and working on the station and returned to Earth aboard shuttle Discovery on March 21, 2001.
Image Credit: NASA
Last Updated: Nov. 2, 2015
Editor: Sarah Loff
Tags:  15 Years on Station, Expedition 1, Image of the Day, NASA History,
NASA
Guillermo Gonzalo Sánchez Achutegui
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