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sábado, 6 de diciembre de 2014

NASA : NASA’s New Orion Spacecraft Completes First Spaceflight Test

Hola amigos: A VUELO DE UN QUINDE EL BLOG., la Agencia Espacial NASA, nos alcanza la información que logró cumplir todos los propósito empeñados en la Nave Orión, que según sus planes son ensayos como se podría hacer a futuro en el próximo viaje Marte.
NASA nos dice " NASA marcó un hito importante el viernes en su viaje a Marte como la nave espacial Orion completó su primer viaje al espacio, viajando más lejos que cualquier nave espacial diseñada para los astronautas ha estado en más de 40 años......"
NASA.. agrega " "Hoy es la prueba de vuelo de Orión es un gran paso para la NASA y una parte muy importante de nuestro trabajo pionero en el espacio profundo en nuestro Viaje a Marte", dijo el administrador de la NASA Charles Bolden. "Los equipos hicieron un gran trabajo poniendo Orion través de sus pasos en el entorno real que perdurará en nuestro empeño de los límites de la exploración humana en los próximos años."
Major Milestone on Agency's Journey to Mars
Following a perfect launch and more than four hours in Earth's orbit, NASA's Orion spacecraft is seen from an unpiloted aircraft descending under three massive red and white main parachutes, and shortly after its bullseye splashdown in the Pacific Ocean, 600 miles southwest of San Diego. During the uncrewed test, Orion traveled twice through the Van Allen belt, where it experienced periods of intense radiation, and reached an altitude of 3,600 miles above Earth. The spacecraft hit speeds of 20,000 mph and w
Después de un lanzamiento perfecto y más de cuatro horas en la órbita de la Tierra, la nave espacial Orion de la NASA se ve desde un avión no tripulado descendiendo bajo tres paracaídas principales rojas y blancas masivas y poco después de su amerizaje diana en el Océano Pacífico, a 600 km al suroeste de San Diego. Durante la prueba sin tripulación, Orion viajó dos veces a través del cinturón de Van Allen, donde experimentó períodos de intensa radiación, y alcanzó una altitud de 3.600 kilómetros sobre la Tierra. La nave alcanzó una velocidad de 20,000 mph y resistido temperaturas cercanas a 4.000 grados Fahrenheit, ya que entró en la atmósfera de la Tierra.
Following a perfect launch and more than four hours in Earth's orbit, NASA's Orion spacecraft is seen from an unpiloted aircraft descending under three massive red and white main parachutes and then shortly after its bullseye splashdown in the Pacific Ocean, 600 miles southwest of San Diego. During the uncrewed test, Orion traveled twice through the Van Allen belt, where it experienced periods of intense radiation, and reached an altitude of 3,600 miles above Earth. The spacecraft hit speeds of 20,000 mph and weathered temperatures approaching 4,000 degrees Fahrenheit as it entered Earth’s atmosphere.
Image Credit: 
NASA
NASA marked a major milestone Friday on its journey to Mars as the Orion spacecraft completed its first voyage to space, traveling farther than any spacecraft designed for astronauts has been in more than 40 years.
“Today’s flight test of Orion is a huge step for NASA and a really critical part of our work to pioneer deep space on our Journey to Mars,” said NASA Administrator Charles Bolden. “The teams did a tremendous job putting Orion through its paces in the real environment it will endure as we push the boundary of human exploration in the coming years.”
The United Launch Alliance Delta IV Heavy rocket with NASA’s Orion spacecraft mounted atop, lifts off from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station's Space Launch Complex 37 at at 7:05 a.m. EST, Friday, Dec. 5, 2014, in Florida.
El cohete pesado llamado:  United Launch Alliance Delta IV con la nave espacial Orion de la NASA montado encima, quita de Lanzamiento Espacial de Estación de la Fuerza Aérea de Cabo Cañaveral Complejo 37 en a las 7:05 am EST, Viernes, 05 de diciembre 2014, en la Florida.
 
The United Launch Alliance Delta IV Heavy rocket with NASA’s Orion spacecraft mounted atop, lifts off from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station's Space Launch Complex 37 at at 7:05 a.m. EST, Friday, Dec. 5, 2014, in Florida.
Image Credit: 
NASA/Bill Ingalls
Orion blazed into the morning sky at 7:05 a.m. EST, lifting off from Space Launch Complex 37 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida on a United Launch Alliance Delta IV Heavy rocket. The Orion crew module splashed down approximately 4.5 hours later in the Pacific Ocean, 600 miles southwest of San Diego.
During the uncrewed test, Orion traveled twice through the Van Allen belt where it experienced high periods of radiation, and reached an altitude of 3,600 miles above Earth. Orion also hit speeds of 20,000 mph and weathered temperatures approaching 4,000 degrees Fahrenheit as it entered Earth’s atmosphere.
Orion will open the space between Earth and Mars for exploration by astronauts. This proving ground will be invaluable for testing capabilities future human Mars missions will need. The spacecraft was tested in space to allow engineers to collect critical data to evaluate its performance and improve its design. The flight tested Orion’s heat shield, avionics, parachutes, computers and key spacecraft separation events, exercising many of the systems critical to the safety of astronauts who will travel in Orion.
NASA Administrator Charles Bolden and William Gerstenmaier, Associate Administrator for NASA's Human Exploration and Operations Directorate, and others in Building AE at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida monitor the Orion spacecraft as it returns to Earth and splashes down in the Pacific Ocean.
NASA Administrator Charles Bolden and William Gerstenmaier, Associate Administrator for NASA's Human Exploration and Operations Directorate, and others in Building AE at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida monitor the Orion spacecraft as it returns to Earth and splashes down in the Pacific Ocean.
Image Credit: 
NASA/Bill Ingalls
On future missions, Orion will launch on NASA’s Space Launch System (SLS) heavy-lift rocket currently being developed at the agency’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. A 70 metric-ton (77 ton) SLS will send Orion to a distant retrograde orbit around the moon on Exploration Mission-1 in the first test of the fully integrated Orion and SLS system.
“We really pushed Orion as much as we could to give us real data that we can use to improve Orion’s design going forward,” said Mark Geyer, Orion Program manager. “In the coming weeks and months we’ll be taking a look at that invaluable information and applying lessons learned to the next Orion spacecraft already in production for the first mission atop the Space Launch System rocket.”
A team of NASA, U.S. Navy and Lockheed Martin personnel aboard the USS Anchorage are in the process of recovering Orion and will return it to U.S. Naval Base San Diego in the coming days. Orion will then be delivered to NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida, where it will be processed. The crew module will be refurbished for use in Ascent Abort-2 in 2018, a test of Orion’s launch abort system.
Lockheed Martin, NASA’s prime contractor for Orion, began manufacturing the Orion crew module in 2011 and delivered it in July 2012 to the Neil Armstrong Operations & Checkout Facility at Kennedy where final assembly, integration and testing were completed. More than 1,000 companies across the country manufactured or contributed elements to Orion.
For more information about Orion, its flight test and the Journey to Mars, visit:
and
NASA
Guillermo Gonzalo Sánchez Achutegui
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