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domingo, 10 de mayo de 2015

NASA : Cloudy Earth .- Tierra Nublada

Hola amigos: A VUELO DE UN QUINDE EL BLOG., hemos recibido información de la Agencia Espacial NASA, sobre que nuestra La Tierra, está nublado en algunas veces hasta en un 67% de la superficie total. Estas investigaciones han sido posible gracias a the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) y NASA's Aqua satellite.
NASA, nos detalla : Décadas de observaciones satelitales y fotografías de astronautas;  muestran que las nubes dominan vistas basadas en el espacio de la Tierra. Un estudio basado en casi una década de datos de satélite estima que alrededor del 67 por ciento de la superficie de la Tierra está normalmente cubierto por nubes. Este es especialmente el caso durante los océanos, donde otra investigación muestra menos del 10 por ciento del cielo está completamente despejado de nubes en un momento dado. Sobre la tierra, 30 por ciento de los cielos están completamente libre de nubes.

Map of globe with shades from dark blue to white mapping global clouds
Decades of satellite observations and astronaut photographs show that clouds dominate space-based views of Earth. One study based on nearly a decade of satellite data estimated that about 67 percent of Earth’s surface is typically covered by clouds. This is especially the case over the oceans, where other research shows less than 10 percent of the sky is completely clear of clouds at any one time. Over land, 30 percent of skies are completely cloud free.
Earth’s cloudy nature is unmistakable in this global cloud fraction map, based on data collected by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA's Aqua satellite. While MODIS collects enough data to make a new global map of cloudiness every day, this version of the map shows an average of all of the satellite’s cloud observations between July 2002 and April 2015. Colors range from dark blue (no clouds) to light blue (some clouds) to white (frequent clouds).
There are three broad bands where Earth’s skies are most likely to be cloudy: a narrow strip near the equator and two wider strips in the mid-latitudes. The band near the equator is a function of the large scale circulation patterns—or Hadley cells—present in the tropics. Hadley cells are defined by cool air sinking near the 30 degree latitude line north and south of the equator and warm air rising near the equator where winds from separate Hadley cells converge. (The diagram here illustrates where Hadley cells are located and how they behave.) As warm, moist air converges at lower altitudes near the equator, it rises and cools and therefore can hold less moisture. This causes water vapor to condense into cloud particles and produces a dependable band of thunderstorms in an area known as the Inter Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ).
Clouds also tend to form in abundance in the middle latitudes 60 degrees north and south of the equator. This is where the edges of polar and mid-latitude (or Ferrel) circulation cells collide and push air upward, fueling the formation of the large-scale frontal systems that dominate weather patterns in the mid-latitudes. While clouds tend to form where air rises as part of atmospheric circulation patterns, descending air inhibits cloud formation. Since air descends between about 15 and 30 degrees north and south of the equator, clouds are rare and deserts are common at this latitude.
Image Credit: NASA Earth Observatory image by Jesse Allen and Kevin Ward, using data provided by the MODIS Atmosphere Science Team, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Caption: Adam Voiland, with information from Steve Platnick and Tom Arnold
Last Updated: May 10, 2015
Editor: Sarah Loff
Guillermo Gonzalo Sánchez Achutegui
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