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domingo, 20 de marzo de 2016

NSF: Discovery .- Fundamental science will play a key role in finding cancer cure .- Fundamentalmente la ciencia jugará un rol importantísimo para encontrar la curación del Cáncer....

Hola amigos: A VUELO DE UN QUINDE EL BLOG., hemos recibido información de la Fundación Nacional de Ciencias de Los Estados Unidos, quienes afirman que la ciencia fundamentalmente está comprometida en encontrar la cura para combatir el cáncer.
More information............

NSF-supported research to help U.S. achieve cancer 'moonshot'
 micro-biosensor on the side of a coin
A micro-biosensor developed at the University of Michigan will assess the results of chemotherapy.
Credit and Larger Version
March 15, 2016
The nation is abuzz with President Obama's "National Cancer Moonshot" initiative to eliminate cancer, and many federal agencies support this effort.
The National Science Foundation has long supported research that has contributed to the scientific community's understanding of cancer, its biology and treatment. What follows are some examples of novel, fundamental, ongoing science funded across the Foundation.
A new probe to identify cancer cells
Understanding cancer cell types represents an important first step in cancer diagnosis and treatment. Previous research established that many types of cancer cells are softer or more malleable than normal, healthy cells. However, until recently, this fact had not played a significant role in deciphering the spread of different cancers.
NSF supports UCLA researcher Amy Rowat's research probing hundreds of different types of cancer cells to understand their pliability using a new technology she developed known as the parallel microfiltration method (PMF).
PMF has already demonstrated that more invasive cancer cells are softer than less invasive ones. Rowat hopes to use the technology to identify molecules that can reverse the softness of cancer cells, making make them less invasive.
"Our platform also enables an innovative way to search for compounds that change the stiffness of cells, making cancer cells less harmful, and even targets drug-resistant cells," Rowat says.
Computing a cure for cáncer
NSF’s Smart and Connected Health program, jointly supported by the National Institutes of Health, examines cancer diagnostics using computer science and technology. The program capitalizes on advances in the speed and networking capacity of today's computers to transform health and healthcare through fundamental computer science.
"The moonshot of improving U.S. health through fundamental science has always been the goal of Smart and Connected Health at NSF," says program director Wendy Nilsen.
Along these lines, David Blaauw of the University of Michigan College of Engineering was part of a team that NSF recently funded to develop millimeter-sized, ultra-low-power electronic biosensors for implantation in tumors to determine chemotherapy impacts.
Monitoring of tumor micro-environments during therapy could inform chemotherapy duration, result in more successful chemotherapy and advance the science of implantable biosensors.
Detecting cancer recurrence with nano-materials
NSF-supported research also examines cancer survivors' well-being from an engineering perspective. With support from NSF, chemical engineer Nicholas Kotov of the University of Michigan created a metallic nano-material that generates a special kind of light that can screen cancer cells.
The material -- a thin stretchable film coated in gold nanoparticles -- can be made in large quantities and is capable of detecting protein and DNA in the blood for early detection of cancer recurrence. Kotov is incorporating the material into a portable smartphone-sized device to monitor cancer cells and quickly identify disease recurrence.
NSF aims to move cancer research forward by focusing on fundamental research in:
  • Biology, biochemistry and biophysics.
  • Computational advances such as data-driven discovery enabled by machine learning techniques and cyberinfrastructure.
  • And engineered systems in nanotechnology, imaging, material science and robotics.
Continued NSF-supported research advances and innovations in these areas, and others, will help to achieve the Administration's cancer "moonshot."
-- Beth Linas, NSF BLINAS@nsf.gov
Investigators Amy Rowat
David Blaauw
Prabal Dutta
Nicholas Kotov
David Wentzloff
Dennis Sylvester
Related Institutions/Organizations University of Michigan Ann Arbor
University of California-Los Angeles
Locations Ann Arbor , Michigan
Los Angeles , California
Related Programs Biomaterials
Smart and Connected Health
Biomechanics and Mechanobiology
Physiological and Structural Systems
Instrumentation for Materials Research
Related Awards #1403777 Detection of Protein Misfolding Using Nanorod Assemblies
#1254185 CAREER: Mechanotyping Platform for Studies of Soft Biological Matter
#1111541 CSR: Large: Collaborative Research: Integrating Circuits, Sensing, and Software to Realize the Cubic-mm Computing Class
Total Grants $3,476,047
Related AgenciesDepartment of Defense
National Institutes of Health
Department of Veterans Affairs
Department of Health and Human Services
Related WebsitesFACT SHEET: Investing in the National Cancer Moonshot:
person holding a chiral nanoparticle film
Chiral nanoparticle film made for portable monitoring of cancer cells.
Credit and Larger Version
The National Science Foundation (NSF)
Guillermo Gonzalo Sánchez Achutegui
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