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domingo, 18 de octubre de 2015

NSF: Opportunities for Promoting Understanding through Synthesis program awards $1.5 million in new grants.- Oportunidades para la promoción de la comprensión a través de premios programa de síntesis de $ 1,5 millones en nuevas donaciones

Hola amigos: A VUELO DE UN QUINDE EL BLOG., hemos recibido información de la Fundación Nacional de Ciencias de Los Estados Unidos, dando a conocer las oportunidades de financiamiento para los estudios en la comprensión en el ecosistema del Amazonas.
Síntesis: la combinación de ideas que se forma una teoría o sistema.

Para la División de la Fundación Nacional de Ciencia (NSF) de Biología Ambiental (DEB), la síntesis se traduce en una comprensión más amplia de todo, desde el ecosistema de la Amazonía a los lagos grandes y pequeñas para las relaciones depredador-presa a la vida secreta de los mosquitos - y la enfermedades que a veces llevan.
More information..........

Funding will lead to new understanding of subjects as large as the Amazon, as small as a mosquito
Financiación dará lugar a una nueva comprensión de temas tan grandes como el Amazonas, tan pequeño como un mosquito

aerial view of of river Amazon
OPUS awardees address topics ranging from the Amazon ecosystem to mosquitoes and disease.
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October 13, 2015
Synthesis: the combination of ideas that forms a theory or system.
For the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Division of Environmental Biology (DEB), synthesis translates into a larger understanding of everything from the ecosystem of the Amazon to lakes large and small to predator-prey relationships to the secret lives of mosquitoes--and the diseases they sometimes carry.
To encourage such syntheses, DEB has established a program called Opportunities for Promoting Understanding through Synthesis (OPUS). This year the program awarded $1.5 million in nine new grants.
Research projects that incorporate synthesis--integrating information from several studies--have been influential in spawning new knowledge, understanding and research directions, scientists have found.
"OPUS awards provide unique opportunities for scientists to reflect on larger themes that emerge over the course of several studies," says George Gilchrist, lead OPUS program director in DEB. "OPUS products are unique synergies that offer insights and tools to inspire new research."
The initiative supports scientists in projects that bring together the body of their research. The awards are given to researchers who have, over time, produced scientific journal papers from a series of related projects but have not yet integrated that series in a single set of conclusions.
OPUS grants are awarded to scientists at mid-to-late career stages, as well as to those early enough in their careers to produce unique insights important to science and to developing future work.
Projects culminate in one or more products such as scientific papers, monographs, software, websites, books, films and artistic interpretations.
Whether about the organisms that live in lakes or what happens to animals in a time of climate change, OPUS awards generate new conclusions that are more than the sum of their parts.
2015 NSF DEB OPUS Awards:
OPUS: Geographical gradients and contemporary end points of organic evolutionWilliam Bradshaw and Christina Holzapfel, University of Oregon
OPUS: Collaborative Research: Analysis of Cross-Boundary Fluxes, Trophic Cascades and Ecosystem Stability Based on 32 Years of Whole-Lake ExperimentsStephen Carpenter, University of Wisconsin-Madison
OPUS: Biogeochemistry of Amazonian Terrestrial EcosystemsEric Davidson, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science
OPUS: Ectotherms in Changing ClimatesMarc Mangel, University of California, Santa Cruz
OPUS: Ecological and Evolutionary Perspectives on the Origins of Community DiversityGary Mittelbach, Michigan State University
OPUS: Collaborative Research: Analysis of Cross-Boundary Fluxes, Trophic Cascades and Ecosystem Stability Based on 32 Years of Whole-Lake ExperimentsMichael Pace, University of Virginia
OPUS: Intrinsic Dynamics of the Regional Community
Robert Ricklefs, University of Missouri-Saint Louis
OPUS: Integrating ecology, behavioral syndromes and social selectionAndrew Sih, University of California, Davis
OPUS: Developing a synthetic understanding of suspension-feeders, master switches in freshwater ecosystemsDavid Strayer, Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies

Media Contacts Cheryl Dybas, NSF, (703) 292-7734,

Related WebsitesNSF Discovery: Expensive cup o'joe? Blame coffee farm rust fungus: http://nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=132874&org=NSF
NSF DEB Opportunities for Promoting Understanding through Synthesis (OPUS): http://www.nsf.gov/funding/pgm_summ.jsp?pims_id=13403

The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency that supports fundamental research and education across all fields of science and engineering. In fiscal year (FY) 2015, its budget is $7.3 billion. NSF funds reach all 50 states through grants to nearly 2,000 colleges, universities and other institutions. Each year, NSF receives about 48,000 competitive proposals for funding, and makes about 11,000 new funding awards. NSF also awards about $626 million in professional and service contracts yearly.
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map of the Amazon region in South America
Among nine new OPUS subjects this year is the biogeochemistry of the Amazon region.
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illustration showing a frog on a rock in water
Ectotherms, or organisms without internal heat sources, such as frogs, are a 2015 OPUS topic.
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The lemon pansy butterfly
The lemon pansy butterfly, found in South Asia's open woods, is another example of an ectotherm.
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lakes Paul and Peter surrounded by forested areas
An OPUS tale of two lakes: Paul is smaller; Peter (site of lake experiments) is in the background.
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largemouth bass young-of-year
An explosion of largemouth bass young accelerated the manipulated lake's changes.
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The National Science Foundation (NSF)
Guillermo Gonzalo Sánchez Achutegui
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